Soil samples that provide the foundations for the gardens of Orange.

Red basaltic soil found on the slopes of Mt Canobolas. These soils are outstandingly fertile and underpin the orchards, vineyards, significant avenues and great gardens.

Black loam found along the waterways of Blackman's Swamp and other creeks. These soils were also favoured for market gardens and orchards and now support magnificent parks and trees.